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Disclaimer: The content of the web site
reflects the authors views and the Managing Authority cannot be held liable for the information published by the project partners.


» OILRISK Database
» Scientific publications
» Reports and manuals
» OILRISK in printed media
» Brochures
» TV and radio appearances
» Final seminar presentations
» Other outputs


The OILRISK Map application is a tool to support oil spill combating and on-shore cleaning in southern Finnish coastal areas. It includes information on valuable nature sensitive to oil, where these areas are located and how to minimize the harm caused by oil in case of an oil spill (see OILRISK database section for further information). It is intended primarily for oil spill combating officials at all levels, but can also be useful for managers, researcher etc.

There are two versions of the application, one for desktops and one for mobile devices such as tablet computers and mobile phones. Aalto University stands for the technical development of the applications.

The application can be found at ""

Username and password can be requested by contacting Eva Ehrnsten at

Screenshot map

A screenshot of the application shows nature that should be primarily protected in case of an oil spill. The darker the color, the more urgent it is to protect the area according to the OILRISK index.

Screenshot mobile

The mobile application is optimized for small screens and slow internet connections.


In Estonia all the OILRISK project's related information on ecological sensitivity, recovery potential and the natural values is published in a format of Web Map Services and is freely available by OILRISK Web application ( The special OILRISK Web User Manual in English was developed and it is also freely available on OILRISK Web application.

Screenshot mobile

Screenshot of OILRISK Web ecological sensitivity data

Valuable areas sensitive to oil spills are collected in the OILRISK database

OILRISK project has collected data on threatened and near-threatened species and habitats that are particularly prone to oil spills occurring in the Baltic Sea. Data collected include where valuable nature areas occur along the coast of southern Finland, information about their ecology and legislative status, and how they are best treated in case of an oil spill to minimize the overall harm to the nature. The data is collected into a single database maintained by Aalto University, and is shown in the OLIRISK Map application in a user-friendly format. The same data has also been integrated into the Situation awareness system for environmental emergency response BORIS (see The data has been carefully picked to only include the most sensitive and valuable areas that can be realistically protected in case of an oil accident. This work has been carried out with the help of experts from several fields in both Finland and Estonia. For example, only the most important breeding and resting areas of sea birds and only sandy beaches that are in a good natural state are included. The material is intended primarily to help in oil spill response planning and operational decision-making, but can also be utilized in other contexts.


OILRISK index has been calculated for species and habitats selected to the OILRISK Database. The index describes the impacts of oil on coastal and marine species and habitats and estimates how well certain nature values can be safeguarded with booms or protective sheets, and on the other hand, how urgently certain sites need this kind of protection. The index value takes into account the conservation value, legislative status, oil-induced loss and recovery potential of species and habitats, and the efficiency of combating methods. Combining this species and habitat specific information to their occurrences along the coastline, the index values can be viewed with the OILRISK Map, and can be used as a guideline when making decisions of the prioritization of oil combating actions. The higher the index value a certain location has, the better option it is to safeguard that area.

Scientific publications

Due to copyright policies of scientific publishers, most of the papers below are only available from the publisher's repository or by request from the author.

Altartouri, A., Ehrnsten, E., Helle, I., Venesjärvi, R. & Jolma, A. 2013: Geospatial web services for responding to ecological risks posed by oil spills. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 79: 905-914.

Aps R 2012: Sea transportation of oil in the Baltic Sea - enhancing safety and security
Baltic Rim Economies, Quaterly Review, Issue No. 5, 14 December 2012, p. 8.

Aps, R. & Suursaar, Ü. 2011: Influence of seasonal sea ice conditions on hydrodynamic processes and oil spill drift. In: C.A. Brebbia, G. Benassai, G.R. Rodriguez (eds.): Coastal Processes II, Ecology and the Environment volume 149, WIT Press, Boston, pp. 273-283.

Aps, R., Ambjörn, C., Fetissov, M., Karjalainen, M. Kotta J. & Kuikka, S. 2011: OILRISK Web: Advanced Tool for Enhancing Spill Response Decision-making in the Baltic Region. The proceedings of the international conference on oil spill risk management, 7-9 March 2011, Malmö, Sweden, pp. 109-117.

Fetissov, M., Aps, R. 2011. Boundary-GIS geoportal: advanced platform in support of participatory processes. ' In: C.A. Brebbia; S.S. Zubir (Eds.). Management of Natural Resources, Sustainable Development and Ecological Hazards III (505 - 516). UK: WIT Press

Helle, I. et al: Species and habitats in danger: Measuring the relative risk posed by oil spills in the northern Baltic Sea (manuscript in preparation)

Herkül, K. & Kotta, J. 2012: Assessment of the ecological impact of an oil spill on shallow brackish-water benthic communities: a case study in the northeastern Baltic Sea.
Estonian Journal of Ecology 61 (3): 173-189.

Leiger, R., Aps, R., Kotta, J., Orviku, Ü. K., Pärnoja, M. & Tönisson, H. 2012: Relationship between shoreline substrate type and sensitivity of seafloor habitats at risk to oil pollution.
Ocean & Coastal Management 66: 12-18.

Nisonen, S. et al: What are the economic costs of oil spills? A Bayesian network application for the Gulf of Finland (manuscript in preparation)

Venesjärvi, R. et al: The assessment of the differences in oil spill protection efficiency for threatened species and habitats: a case study for the Archipelago Sea and Gulf of Finland (manuscript in preparation)

Reports and manuals

"OILRISK Project - Final Report"
University of Tartu, Estonian Marine Institute.

"OILRISK Web manual for a client"
Madli Kopti, Mihhail Fetissov and Robert Aps, Estonian Marine Institute, Univeristy of Tartu, 4/5/2013.

"Ohjeet OILRISK Map karttasovelluksen käyttöön"
Eva Ehrnsten, Kaakkois-Suomen elinkeino-, liikenne- ja ympäristökeskus, pdf-moniste. (Manual for using the OILRISK Map Application, in Finnish)

"OILRISK-aineistojen keruu ja päivitysohje"
Eva Ehrnsten, Kaakkois-Suomen elinkeino-, liikenne- ja ympäristökeskus, pdf-moniste. (Guidelines for collecting and updating the OILRISK database, in Finnish)

"Liite rantojen öljyntorjuntaoppaisiin: Suosituksia rannikon herkkien alueiden puhdistamiseen öljystä"
Eva Ehrnsten, Kaakkois-Suomen elinkeino-, liikenne- ja ympäristökeskus, Raportteja 18/2013. (Cleaning recommendations manual, in Finnish)

"Selvitys luontoarvon lainsäädännöllisestä merkityksestä öljyonnettomuuden jälkeen."
Laurila Mirka 2013. (in preparation, in Finnish, with English summary). This report studies how the nature values are taken into account in Finnish legislation in an oil spill situation. In addition, it contains a short description how the international compensation funds act and weather those cover nature values.

OILRISK in printed media

"Kohta rytisee"
Yliopisto-lehti 7/2013

"Tartu teadlased lõid naftareostuse riskide hindamiseks veebirakenduse"
Postimees 9.4.2013

"Luonto arvojärjestykseen"
Kymen Sanomat 17.2.2013

"Hiekkarannat vaarassa öljyonnettomuuden sattuessa"
Kymen Sanomat 10.2.2013

"Suomi laati ohjeet rantojen suojaamiseksi öljyltä"
Maaseudun tulevaisuus 8.2.2013

"ENSACO - Environmental Atlas"
Björn Forsman, SSPA Report No. 20105728-03

"Luontoarvot puntarissa - voidaanko uhanalaistietoa hyödyntää öljyntorjunnan suunnittelussa?"
Riikka Venesjärvi, Rannikon Puolustaja 3/2012 s.22-26.

"Öljyonnettomuuksia kannattaa ehkäistä"
Helsingin Sanomat Vieraskynä 1.10.2012, Inari Helle, Sakari Kuikka ja Emilia Luoma

"Ennaltaehkäisy kannattaa"
Kymen Sanomat Ylänurkka 17.9.2012 Sakari Kuikka

"Kamppailu öljyä vastaan"
Yliopisto 9/2012, s. 14

"Suojasatama näkyvissä"
Yliopisto 8/2012, s. 15

"Öljy tuhoaisi rantanuoliaisen"
Kymen Sanomat 10.6.2012

"Suomenlahden vedenalaista kartoitusta tarvitaan kipeästi"
"Sukeltaja näkee lajien kirjon vedenalaisessa maailmassa"
Kymen Sanomat 26.8.2011

"Öljyonnettomuuksien riskien arviointia ja toiminnan suunnittelua"
Lahden yliopistokeskus, Tiedotuslehti 2010, s. 7

"Öljyntorjuntaa harjoiteltiin Saimaalla"
YLE Kotimaa 23.9.2010

"Yritysten kannettava vastuunsa öljyturmista"
Kymen sanomat Ylänurkka 14.6.2010 Sakari Kuikka

"Öljy on vakava uhka myös Suomenlahdella"
Helsingin Sanomat Vieraskynä 20.5.2010 Inari Helle

"Öljyriski-hankkeen suunnittelukilpailun voittaja valittu"
Kaupunkilehti Ankkuri 5.5.2010

"OILRISK-logon suunnittelukilvan voittaja valittu"
Kymen Sanomat 5.5.2010

"Joskus ehkä viisaampaa jättää öljy lintuluodolle"
Kymen Sanomat 6.11.2009

"Öljyhaverit hallintaan uusin keinoin"
YLE Kymenlaakso 5.11.2009

"Onko öljyonnettomuus pahempaa kuin rehevöityminen?"
Kymen Sanomat Ylänurkka 11.9.2009 Sakari Kuikka

"Porvoo osallistuu OILRISK-tutkimukseen"
Uusimaa 5.9.2008


Printed promotional materials can be requested from merikotka at

Öljyn vaikutukset Itämeren luontoon (in Finnish)
Effects of oil spills on the nature of the Baltic Sea
Effekter av oljeutsläpp på Östersjöns natur (in Swedish)

OILRISK-esite (in Finnish)
OILRISK brochure
OILRISK (in Estonian)

OILRISK bookmark

TV and radio appearances

"Vikerraadio" science news "Labor" on 21.04.2013 at 17:05, "Naftatõrje Läänemeres" , Robert Aps

ETV Daily News on 14.04.2013 at 21.00 (minutes 4:23 - 6:25) / OILRISK Web, Robert Aps & Madli Kopti

KUKU Radio "Intervjuu" on 09.04.2013 at 12:07, OILRISK Web, Robert Aps

"Vikerraadio" news at 10:06 on 10.04.2013, OILRISK Web" OILRISK hindab kiirelt ja põhjalikult naftareostuse keskkonnariske", Robert Aps

KUKU Radio "Intervjuu" on 09.04.2013 at 12:07, OILRISK Web, Robert Aps

Tartu teadlased lõid naftareostuse riskide hindamiseks veebirakenduse Postimees 9.4.2013

YLE uutiset 22.9.2010, researcher Riikka Venesjärvi, commentary on the effects of oil to nature values at YLE radio news.

Huomenta Suomi 18.5.2010, prof. Sakari Kuikka interviewed at MTV3 morning TV

YLE Uutiset 17.5.2010, prof. Sakari Kuikka interviewed at Finnish national YLE TV news

YLE Päiväntasaaja 17.5.2010, prof. Sakari Kuikka interviewed at YLE radio

Final seminar presentations

Over 80 participants took part in the final seminar of the OILRISK project at Hanasaari. The OILRISK database and how the OILRISK index has been developed were presented during the seminar. Demonstrations of OILRISK Map Application for the Finnish coastline and OILRISK Web for Estonian shores were given, and the integration of map products to national operational awareness systems were presented. In addition, preliminary project outcomes about defining the values that are at risk after an oil spill were shown.

» Seminar programme
» Photos from the seminar at Merikotka Facebook pages


Senior Inspector Heli Haapasaari, SYKE: Opening words
Project Manager Miina Karjalainen, KMRA: OILRISK project
Researcher Riikka Venesjärvi, UH: OILRISK Database - the use of information in conservation decisions and marine planning
Researcher Inari Helle, UH: What are the odds? Risk calculations focusing on threatened species and habitats
Researchers Sampsa Nisonen/Inari Helle, UH: Can we put a price on it? Ecological values at risk
Researcher Riikka Venesjärvi, UH: When oil threatens - prioritization of endangered species and habitats
Project planner Eva Ehrnsten, KASELY: Tool to support oil spill combating and on-shore cleaning: OILRISK Map
Researcher Samuli Neuvonen, SYKE: Integration of OILRISK Map application with BORIS system (national response system)
Professor Robert Aps, UTARTU: OILRISK Web: Advanced tool for oil spill related ecological risk assessment
Professor Sakari Kuikka, UH: Oil analysis for the Gulf of Finland: current approaches and future challenges


Summary of the project in HELCOM RESPONSE Group 16th meeting in Copenhagen 20-22 November 2012.

Press release from University of Tartu about OILRISK project (in Estonian)

OILRISK project description in Central Baltic Showcase Brochure 2

HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan Stakeholder Conference 2010: Overview of actions in the maritime field

Commitment by Helsinki University Multidiscliplinary Research to the Baltic Sea Action Summit

Positive funding decision for OILRISK project from Central Baltic INTERREG IVA 2007-2013 programme
Summaries of the projects approved in the 2nd call

OILRISK ringtone for your phone (mp3)
The ringtone represents the name of the project as morse code: --- .. .-.. .-. .. ... -.-