MIMIC

Minimizing risks of maritime oil transport by holistic safety strategies

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The EU’s Baltic Sea Strategy lists as its central objectives the conservation of the Sea’s nature values, securing and developing the necessary operating conditions for businesses, increasing the attractiveness of the region and improving safety. Given that oil-carrying tankers operate daily in the Gulf of Finland, successfully preventing oil spills and minimizing the effects of possible damage requires that limited resources are utilized in the most cost-effective ways.

A tool for anticipating risks

The EU Baltic Sea strategy’s flagship project entitled “Minimizing risks of maritime oil transport by holistic safety strategies” (MIMIC) saw the development of an analysis tool for assessing the risk of oil spills in the Gulf of Finland. The research group examined the probabilities of spills from three different perspectives.

These consisted in expanding the scope of piloting requirements in the Gulf, consolidating vessels’ structures, and assessing the degree to which the risk of accidents would decrease if authorities were more aware of route plans. According to the research, the most cost-effective way to reduce the risk of accidents is to concentrate on vessels’ route plans in order to improve the flow of information between them and monitoring centres.

According to the research group’s calculations, making use of a systematic route plan in the Gulf would increase costs by only about 100,000 euros per year while reducing risk by 20 percent.

In addition to the risk of accidents, the tool can be used to anticipate the risk of oil spilling into the sea. Based on the collected data, assessments can also be made regarding the number of times vessels are likely to collide per year and the probability of tankers running aground. The project also sought to develop a tool for anticipating and monitoring the flow of oil from the location of the spill towards shore. Such data is extremely useful when planning oil spill prevention measures.

Funding

Provided by Central Baltic INTERREG IV A Programme 2007–2013 with a total budget of 2,072,341 euros.

Partners

Kotka Maritime Research Center (coordinator)
Turku University Brahea centre, Center for Maritime Studies
Kymenlaakso University of Applied Sciences
Aalto University
University of Helsinki
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute and Finnish Environment Institute
Finnish Environmental Centre
Tallinn Technical University
University of Tarto

Baltic Sea Oil Spill Conference 20-21.11.2013

Baltic Sea Oil Spill Conference 20-21.11.2013 Vellamo, Kotka

Moderator: Mikael Panelius, TallinkSilja
Programme of the English-language conference:

11:45 Registration
11:55 Lunch
12:30 Welcome: Tommi Arola, Finnish Transport Agency
12:45 Oil spill prevention and cooperation along the Baltic Sea: Hermanni Backer, HELCOM
13:15 OILRISK: Riikka Venesjärvi, Helsinki University
13:45 Forecasting of oil transportation and insight in ship’s crew: Olli-Pekka Brunila, University of Turku
14:15 Coffee break
14:45 Can illegal actions cause oil spills?: Mirva Salokorpi, Kymenlaakso University of Applied Sciences
15:05 Contributors to a grounding accident – What does evidence tell: Arsham Mazaheri, Aalto University
15:35 Assessing the consequences of collision and grounding accidents: Kristjan Tabri, Tallinn University of Technology
15:45 Smart Response Web – enabling dynamic situation awareness: Robert Aps, University of Tartu
16:15 Estimating length of oiled coastline after a spill: Kim Dahlbo, Finnish Environment Institute
16:30 The HELCOM oil drift forecast system Seatrack Web: Anette Jönsson, SMHI
17:00 A metamodel for evaluating measures to minimize oil spill risks: Annukka Lehikoinen, University of Helsinki

17.20 A risk governance framework to improve maritime safety: Päivi Haapasaari, University of Helsinki
18:00 Conclusion
19:00 Dinner at Fransmanni, Keskuskatu 21 (at own expense)

Thursday 21 November 2013

9:30 Oil spill risk management in the Baltic Sea: Agoshkov, Institute of Numerical Mathematics, Moscow
9:45 Optimum ship routes – a risk theory based solution: Agoshkov, Institute of Numerical Mathematics, Moscow
10:00 The Baltic Sea circulation and assessment of marine pollution: Zalesny, Institute of Numerical Mathematics, Moscow
10:15 Baltic cooperation for oil spills: Jonas Pålsson, Baltic Maritime Science Park
10:35 Oil Spill Recovery in Ice: Esa Ritari, Aker Arctic
10:55 Coffee
11:15 Baltic cooperation for authorities: Ojars Gerke, Latvian Coast Guard
11:45 Concluding remarks: Pentti Kujala, Aalto University
12:00 End of the conference

Maritime safety in the Gulf of Finland – Evaluation of the regulatory system

Viertola, J. University of Turku, Centre for Maritime Studies, A67. 2013

Maritime Security and Security Measures – MIMIC study in the Baltic Sea Area

Fransas, A., Nieminen, E., Salokorpi, M. Kymelaankso University of Applied Sciences. Series B. Research and Reports No:106

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Minimizing risks of maritime oil transport by holistic safety strategies (MIMIC FINAL REPORT)

Haapasaari, P., Dahlbo, K., Aps, R., Brunila, O-P., Fransas, A., Goerlandt, F., Hänninen, M.,Jönsson, A., Laurila-Pant, M., Lehikoinen, A., Mazaheri, A., Montewka, J.,Nieminen, E., Nygren, P., Salokorpi, M., Tabri, K. & Viertola, J. Central Baltic INTERREG IV A Programme 2007-2013. Risks of maritime oil transport by holistic safety strategies. 2013

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Expert elicitation of a navigation service implementation effects on ship groundings and collisions in the Gulf of Finland.

Hänninen M., Mazaheri A., Kuala P., Montewka J., Laaksonen P., Salmiovirta M. & Klang M. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part O: Journal of Risk and Reliability, Journal of Risk and Reliability, vol.228, issue 1, February 2014, pp. 19-28. doi:10.1177/1748006X13494533.

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Usability of accident and incident reports for evidence-based risk modeling – A case study on ship grounding reports.

Mazaheri, A., Montewka, J., Nisula, J. & Kujala, P. Safety Science 76: 202–214.

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A Bayesian network for assessing the collision induced risk of an oil accident in the Gulf of Finland.

Lehikoinen, A., Hänninen, M., Storgård, J., Luoma, E., Mäntyniemi, S. & Kuikka, S. (In press). Environmental Science and Technology.

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How to value biodiversity in environmental management?

Laurila-Pant, M., Lehikoinen, A., Uusitalo, L. & Venesjärvi, R.: Ecological Indicators 55: 1-11.

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Implementation time

1.5.2011 - 31.12.2013