Doug holds a Masters degree in psychology from University of Otago (NZ) and is currently studying for his doctorate in resilience of autonomous systems in maritime at Aalto University. He is also contributing to an autonomous ship navigation technology design research project from the human-machine-teaming perspective. Doug has over 20 years of professional experience as a human factors specialist in many high-hazard industries including aviation, nuclear, maritime, defence, rail, materials handling, infrastructure. He has worked as an internal specialist and consultant, also collaborating on international research projects and teaching at university level. Doug blends advanced theory with practical application and brings a holistic, human-centered, and evidence approach to his work. He has expertise in human factors, resilience, human behaviour, psychology, ergonomics, user-centred design, risk management, incident investigation and incident data analysis.