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Most international freight traffic happens on roads, such as the busy route between Finland and St. Petersburg. Road transport presents its own set of challenges, including pollution, accidents and road network congestion. Inland waterway traffic, however, could constitute a cost-effective and environmentally friendly option that also attracts the interest of transport companies.
Developing inland waterway traffic
The “Future potential of Inland Waterways” (INFUTURE) project takes a wide-ranging approach to finding solutions for sustainable and cost-effective inland waterway traffic.
We examine the legislation on freight traffic as well as Finnish and Russian customs policies, and identify the most efficient ways of handling cargo. In addition, we are creating an IT system that helps customers quickly find the most suitable service for their cargo transport needs.
The South-East Finland – Russia CBC 2014–2020 programme is the main contributor.
The total budget for the project is EUR 1,251,538.
Kotka Maritime Research Association
South-Eastern Finland University of Applied Sciences
Finnish Waterway Association
Admiral Makarov State University for Maritime and Inland Shipping
North-West Russia Logistics and Information Development Centre
INFUTURE Steering Group and Working Group meetings were held in St. Peterburg at the Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping October 15-16th.
The Chairman of the Steering Group, Pekka Koskinen, as opening the meeting noted that the project has been on-going for a year now and it is time to have a look on the results so far.
All 4 work packages presented the outcomes so far including very comprehensive academic studies and practical analyses.
1) Transshipment Hub Development – Cargo potential from both sides, Finnish and Russian, has been studied and evaluated
2) Inland Waterways Fairway Technologies – the water areas have been studied and analyzed. The aim is to conduct a pilot on the Neva river.
3) Inland Waterway Vessel Concept – based on the information from the WP1 a new vessel type concept for multipurpose vessel has been studied. The aim is the have a design of this vessel by the end of the project.
4) Dissemination and Stakeholder Engagement – A lot of work has been done within the WP1-3 and now we have good material for dissemination and having round tables, like within the NEVA Trans.
The next steps on each work packages were also agreed during these two meetings.
The project members visited the Museum of the Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, which tells about the history of academic maritime education.
Text: Heli Koukkula-Teixeira
In conjunction with the 15th TRANS Neva Maritime and Shipping Industry Exhibition in St.Peterburg a Seminar on Inland Waterways and Cargo Potential was held September 18th, 2019.
The Seminar was organised in the frames of the “Future Potential of Inland Waterways – INFUTURE project”, which is a CBC Programme 2014-2020 project, funded by the European Union, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Finland.
The programme of the seminar consisted of three sessions: 1) Cargo potential of inland waterways of Republic of Finland at Saimaa and Russian Federation at Volgo-Balt basin; 2) Safe fairways – up-to day technologies for fairway and waterways infrastructure; 3) New IWW vessels for efficient “river-sea” navigation via Saimaa and Volgo-Balt and in shortsea.
The seminar was opened by the Rector of the Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping Sergey Olegovich Baryshnikov. He underlined the importance of education of the next generation in maritime and inland shipping.
The Vice-Rector for Science and Research Tatyana Alekseevna Pantina presented the Russian Inland Waterway Strategy 2030. The aim of the improvements of inland navigation in Russian is to increase the cargo volumes, to shift some of the cargo volumes from congested roads and railroads to waterways, which is an environmentally friendly transport mode. Modernization of IWW system is necessary, and in 2018 the President of the Russian Federation Mr Vladimir Putin signed a Statute on 12 national development projects of IWW system.
Tarja Javanainen, Kotka Maritime Research Center, INFUTURE Project Manager, introdouced the project to the international audience, the specialists and stakeholders of IWW system. The project started November 1st, 2018 and ends October 31st, 2021. The project partners are Kotka Maritime Research Association (Lead Partner) FI, Aalto University FI, South-Eastern Finland University of Applied Sciences FI, SeaHow FI, Finnish Waterways FI, Admiral Makarov State University for Maritime and Inland Shipping RU and North-West Russia Logistics and Information Development Centre RU.
Feodor Valerevich Shishlakov, Head of the Administration of Volgo-Balt Basin of Inland Waterways (Volgo-Baltic Administration), presented the Volgo-Balt Basin of Inland Waterways. They are controlling the Volgo-Balt Basin, and one of the main tasks is to take care of the safe and smooth navigation. The Volga-Balt Waterway is an important part of the unified system of deep inland waterways of the European part of Russia. This is a complex of engineering facilities, which includes 4,896 km of inland waterways operated, including 2,969 km with guaranteed dimensions, 11 locks with a pressure of 11 to 18 meters, three water power plants, 25 earth dikes and dams, 12 ferry crossings, 9 bridges, 8 lighthouses on the Ladoga lake, over 4,495 aids to navigation, 243 vessels of service fleet.
Pekka Koskinen, the Finnish Waterways and Anatoly Burkov, the Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping presented the current situation of inland waterway systems in Finland and Russia. The modernization of the IWW systems have already been started in both countries. The industry has shown interest in transporting the cargo using waterways. One aim of the INFUTURE project is to examine the cargo potential between Finland and Russia (WP1).
Kari Pohjola, SeaHow and Vladimir Karetnikov, the Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping discussed about the fairway techonolgies. One aim of this work package is to study the possibilities to prolong the navigation period and execute a pilot using smart buoys, and also create a smart buoy concept for IWW (WP2).
Professor Pentti Kujala, Aalto University and Professor Marina Lebedeva, the Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping introduced ideas on new type of cargo vessel for inland waterways. There are several technical issues which need to be carefully studied for inland waterways have their specific features. The idea is to develop a multipurpose vessel type, to work out a concept and also a ship design (WP3).
It was agreed that the work of development of the IWW system is truly important and the time is right for it. The NEVA Trans will take place next time in 2021. The aim is to have an INFUTURE seminar in the frames of it and present the results of the project.
Text: Heli Koukkula-Teixeira
Inverview of Pekka Koskinen could be seen via webpages of Finnish Waterway Association.
INFUTURE take part in 15th International Exhibition and Conference on Civil Shipbuilding, Shipping, Port Activities, Ocean and Shelf Development “NEVA2019” 17-18 September 2019 in St Petersburg. Seminar main topics are: Cargo potential of inland waterways of Republic of Finland at Saimaa and Russian Federation at Volgo-Balt basin, Safe fairways – up-to day technologies for fairway and waterways infrastructure and New IWW vessels for efficient “river-sea” navigation via Saimaa and Volgo-Balt and in shortsea.
INFUTURE held its 2nd working group meeting at Admiral Makarov State University for Maritime and Inland Shipping in St Petersburg on April 10, 2019. The main issues were to have a discussion related to project ongoing works and to continuation of those works in the near future. The working group meeting was attended by representatives of all Finnish and Russian partners and experts on inland waterway traffic. The project started perfectly. The first report named “Prosperous Future of Inland Waterways” had been published and can be found on Merikotka website at https://www.merikotka.fi/projects/infuture/?lang=en
On the second day, the INFUTURE group had an opportunity to visit the Volgo-Balt Administration in St Petersburg. The Deputy Head of Volgo-Balt Administration Mr. Gennady Iosifovich Aizen personally welcomed the delegation of Finnish representatives and the Russian participants of the INFUTURE project. He spoke about the role and importance of Volgo-Balt Administration, and cited the main data characterizing its activities in the region.
The next speaker, the leading specialist of the Basin Communications Centre Mr. Alexandr Anatolyevich Zhegalin, spoke about providing communications to navigators, the development of differential correction services and the prospects for implementation of river information services. The Deputy Head of the Cartographic Service Mr. Gleb Borisovich Chistyakov reported on the main tasks facing the cartographic service, on the modern technologies for creating paper and electronic navigation charts, on the operational aspects of providing cartographic products and proofreading data to ship-owners and captains, as well as on the introduction of digital technologies on the Volga-Baltic waterway.
The Finnish part of the project was presented by Ms. Tarja Javanainen (Merikotka) and Mr. Pekka Koskinen (Finnish Waterway Association). Their presentations were devoted both to the introduction of the project “The Future Potential of Inland Waterways” itself, as well as to the condition and development of ports and inland waterways in Finland and Sweden, and their role in the Baltic Sea region.
The project participants visited the Basin Communications Centre and the Ship Traffic Control Service, where the capabilities of the Volgo-Balt Administration in the operational monitoring of the entrusted waterways and fleet traffic control were demonstrated to them. The parties expressed a unanimous opinion about the need to attract young professionals and scientists to the work and activities under the project. The completion of the second day of work marked the successful completion of the second working meeting on the INFUTURE project.
The INFUTURE (Future potential for inland waterways) project kicks off in October for a duration of three years. Aiming at developing improvements to inland waterway transport, the project is funded by the South-East Finland – Russia CBC 2014-2020 programme beginning next month.
“We will be analysing legislation relevant to cargo transport as well as customs practices in Russia and Finland. This will be accompanied by an IT system designed to help customers home in on the most suitable service for their cargo”, says Ville Henttu, Director of Research at South-Eastern Finland University of Applied Sciences
The research team behind INFUTURE will be examining a wide range of solutions for the development of sustainable and cost-effective inland waterway transport. Project partners include South-Eastern Finland University of Applied Sciences, Aalto University, the Finnish Waterway Association, Meritaito Seahow Oy, Admiral Makarov State University for Maritime and Inland Shipping and the North-West Russia Logistic and Information Development Center. Tarja Javainen will be responsible for project coordination at the Kotka Maritime Research Centre.
Inland waterway vessel concepts – Part 1
Lebedeva, M., Yatsuk, Y., Khomyakov, A., Lebedev, A., Afanasiev, A., Vasilieva, A., Ushakov, K., & Vetoshkin, A.
Project report concerning work package 3. Admiral Makarov SUMIS, St. Petersburg 2019.
A ship in compressive ice: an overview and preliminary analysis.
Li, F., Kujala, P., Montewka, J. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering Under Arctic Conditions. Delft, Netherland.
Kasvava paine hillitä ympäristötuhoja siirtää kuljetuksia maanteiltä sisävesille
Lybeck, T. Kouvolan Sanomat mielipidekirjoitus 17.2.2019 (only in Finnish)Go to the page of the publication >
Paine ilmastotekoihin kasvaa
Lybeck, T. Xamk internet publication READ (Research, Education and Regional Development) 16.12.2018 (only in Finnish)Go to the page of the publication >
Efficiency of modern geoinformation technologies application at survey works designing on inland waterways of Russia
Karetnikov, V., Rudykh, S. & Ivanova, A. MATEC Web Conf. Volume 265, 2019 International Geotechnical Symposium “Geotechnical Construction of Civil Engineering & Transport Structures of the Asian-Pacific Region” (GCCETS 2018), Article Number 02016Go to the page of the publication >
Improving the quality of navigation and hydrographic support in the Arctic rivers estuarine waterways
Karetnikov, V.V., Prokhorenkov, A.A. & Efimov, K.I. accepted to International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Data Science (ICCIDS 2019)
The conceptual apparatus associated with multimodal transportation
Lebedev V.N. & Koroleva, E. in the Proceedings of the 18th International Conference "Logistics: Modern Trends of Development" 4-5 April 2019 Admiral Makarov State University for Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg (pages 299-309 )(only in Russian)Go to the page of the publication >
Russian and Finland inland waterways future
Javanainen, T. & Pimonenko, M. in the proceedings of the 18th International Conference "Logistics: Modern Trends of Development" 4-5 April 2019 Admiral Makarov State University for Maritime and Inland Shipping, St.Petersburg (pages 275-277)Go to the page of the publication >
Logistics and inland waterway transport background in the INFUTURE project studies between Russian and Finland partners
Burkov, A. published in the Proceedings of the 18th International Conference "Logistics: Modern Trends of Development" held in St.Petersburg on 4-5 April 2019 (pages 261-267)Go to the page of the publication >
Inland waterway transportation and its prospects in Russia and Finland
Pantina,T., Volkova,T. & Lybeck,T. 2019. Admiral Makarov SUMIS & South-Eastern Finland University of Applied Sciences XAMKLoad PDF
Study on commercial visibility and future cargo flows on the route Saimaa Lakes-Volgo Balt
Pantina, T. & Volkova, T. 2019, Admiral Makarov SUMISLoad PDF
Prosperous Future of Inland Waterways
Lybeck, T. 2019. South-Eastern Finland University of Applied Sciences